Préface by Edgar Morin
In 1914, at the beginning of the war, 8,000 Jews subjects of the Ottoman Empire live in France. As all foreigners belonging to enemy countries, they are submitted to a strong attention from the authorities. They need many official papers, such ID cards or passports. If they have to travel, even for a short distance, they have to ask for a permission.
All these documents (more than 16,000) are found in the 2,470 files studied by Philippe Danan. He was able to analyze 1,000 family names. For each of them, interesting personal details can thus be discovered.