The main tool for genealogical research in these regions is Basile GINGER's publication "Guide pratique de généalogie juive en France et à l'étranger", (in French) published in 2001 by CGJ, a second edition of which is under way. It includes a summary of the history of the these countries, as well as maps, which are absolutely necessary to understand the numerous border modifications. Useful postal addresses and websites are also given.
If your ancestors come from Belarus, Lithuania, Moldova, Poland, Ukraine (see map), Route to Roots
by Miriam Weiner identifies the funds, "in principle" over 100 years
and the archives that hold them. If they come from Poland, it is
recommended to combine information from Routes to Roots with those from
Polish Achives site SEZAM . SurnameIndex.info
is an application associated with Google Map, which for Belarus,
Ukraine, Moldova, identifies some funds: vital records, censuses.
SurnameIndex.info is an application associated with Google Map, which for Belarus, Ukraine, Moldova, identifies some funds: vital records, censuses.
A source to consult in all cases is the JewishGen
website. It was designed and is hosted primarily by American Jews,
whose the vast majority have ancestors from Europe to Central and
Eastern Europe. You must register for a password, but registration is
free. If you can find some cousins through the Family Finder (JGFF), the most useful tool seems to be all SIGs (Special Interest Groups). These specialized groups in one region or country, which you see the complete list here
are a daily source of information, country by country. They have forums
where you can ask questions and exchange information with other users
of the same origin. There are for Romania, Hungary, Belarus, Latvia,
Lithuania, Czech Republic, Ukraine and several regions of Poland.
The JewishGen search engine (click here) allows to explore the many databases of this site that we can not quote all, of which JRI-Poland. May be addeed the archives of SIG (click here) that the general search engine does not explore, and the necessary Gazeeter to find places.
The JewishGen SIG (Special Interest Group) already mentioned contain toolkits and databases by country, which will be found most exact addresses by clicking here. Include those for Belarus, Poland (including JRI-Poland below), Lithuania, Latvia, Ukraine, well the crossborder Galicia (Gesher Galicia), etc. ... Note that for Belarus, Lithuania, Latvia, these databases contain, in addition to vital records, various lists such as lists of voters, and also census records, typical of territories of the former Empire Russian. One searches in vain for such datas for Poland Kingdom, yet under Russian controll and subject to the same census.
As in the Polish case, in other countries, like Ukraine, it is strongly advised to identify and provide almost accurate and complete references for any act or mention in a register before ordering a copy of corresponding originals. In a country like Belarus, it is rather better to go there, after appropriate preparation.
If your ancestors come from Poland or Ukraine, Eastern Galicia, the JRI-Poland particular site, hosted by JewishGen, deserves your attention. Here are indexed all sorts of Jewish sources, including vital records from 1825, and this in sufficient detail to enable the genealogist to order to the National Polish Archives birth, marriage, death records, or supporting documents to marriages. The site states the identified sources and updated regularly, the status of indexing by location.
Mormons can, in some countries, be a valuable source of genealogical information. Their site will let you know if they have microfilm for the place and the period you want. There are many microfilms for Poland.
So this is another possibility, which can seem old fashioned, which provides the genealogist to control acts from Poland and Ukraine, Eastern Galicia. However, note that this solution provides the ability to see, close to home in the context of the register that contains, the acts, possibly spotted in advance on an ad hoc sites, and so without moving into the countries from which they originate.
Hungary is particularly well represented in these Mormons lists, both for specifically Jewish records (until 1895) as for post vital records. The Czech Republic and Slovakia are also shown. Romania and Bulgaria are almost absent, as well as Russia.
Once found the number of microfilm interesting, you will find the Mormon center (Family History Center) nearest to you and ask to this microfilm. Reading the microfilm is sometimes challenging, especially if the acts were written in a foreign language with an "exotic" alphabet .
If your ancestors came frow a town whose Jewish civil registers are kept by the Polish State Archives, branch of Grodzisk, you can find the digitalized records who concern them in Genbasa.
This site, although not equally rich as those mentioned above, is not negligible. Our journal has published over fifty articles on Eastern Europe, and in particular articles of methodology. You can find the list in the Index of the Journal. Our Library contains 60 papers on Poland, 15 on Romania, 10 of Hungary ... and therefore deserves your visit. Several monthly conferences CGJ focused on these regions. Many of them have been recorded and you can buy CDs or cassettes corresponding (click here). The Questions-Answers of our site may also provide answers to your questions. More generally, use the search engines of our site to remember everything.
Ultimately, on the spot, in a Mormon center or by mail, regardless of the country, funds from the National or local Archives, once identified, are to explore, especially for civils records "in principle" more 100 years ...
If you visit the country at the National Archives, be accompanied by an interpreter. Otherwise, you can find a professional genealogist who will do the research for you (for example you can see the list in July 2010 by JewishGen). About Polish archives, read the article by José Klingbeil and Basil Ginger "Les commandes d'actes d'état-civil en Pologne" (Revue du CGJ, No. 93, p. 27, 2008) and this one by Daniel Vangheluwe Basil and Ginger "Recherches de documents de Pologne et de Galicie" (Revue du CGJ No. 99, p. 7-11, 2009)
Reminder: If your ancestors come from Poland or Ukraine, Eastern Galicia, use in locating the following sites: SEZAM for vital confessional records; from 1825, JRI-Poland. There is also an online pdf document summarizing the details of archive services.
Note that if SEZAM works for most of the regional archives in Poland, it is necessary for other services using instead the site Szukajwarchiwach, wich a manual in French was developed by Christol.
Anecdotally, a site metryki.geneadzi, contains a few scanned pages of the Napoleonic civil and not denominational record, between 1808 and 1825. Although it is generally not as accessible as one who follows him, remember that this state exists and Napoleonic remains to spot.
Before 1808, there are only rarely funds for births, marriages and deaths registration.