The 1985 law
concerning Jewish deportees
After 1945, when it appeared that many deportees had "disappeared",
their families obtained official acts equivalent to a death
certificate. In the beginning, it was decided that the "death place"
would be the last internment camp where the future deportee was
detained (Drancy, Pithiviers...) and that the "death date" would be the
date of departure of the convoy.
This was obviously a strong distortion of history so that on May 15,
1985, forty years after the end of WW2, a French law was promulgated to
correct this nonsense.
According to this law, the death records of all people deported from
France should be modified and carry the mention "dead in deportation".
When nothing is known concerning the actual fate of the deportee, the
death is presumed to have occurred 5 days after the departure of the
Note that this concerns all deportees, Jews or non-jews. An important
source exists therefore, it is the French Journal Officiel where are
published, since 1986, the decrees which contain the lists of people
officially declared “dead in deportation”.
At the present day (March 2010), i.e. 25 years after this law was
promulgated, these rectifications of the death acts are not completed.
From the figures given on the Website of the "Fundation for the Memory
of the Deportation" (not to be confused with the Fundation for the
Memory of the Shoah), one finds:
deported as an
effect of the nazi repression :
resistants, political opponents, hostages or victims of reprisals
(figures known in 1999). Among these, 40 % did not come back, i.e.
about 34,000 persons.
(including 11,000 children) as an effect of the
antisemitic persecutions. Among these, 97 % did not come back, i.e.
about 74,000 persons.
The total number of persons who did
not come back from deportation is
thus about 108,000.
(115.500 according to the last official
numbers given by the French Ministry)
The ministerial orders ("arrêtés") published in the Journal Officiel
give the official nominative lists of the persons "dead in
deportation". On August 8, 2003, the total number of names in these
arrêtés was only 48,000
not much was done since. Therefore
60,000 people are scandalously missing
, including almost all
Moreover, many mistakes can be found in these lists.
Where can these lists be found ? In the Journal Officiel
and in two
Websites. See also the website Mort en déportation